What You Need To Know About Bariatric Weight Loss Surgery

By Walter Snyder

Being overweight or obese are conditions that make individuals uncomfortable, prone to chronic diseases, physically unfit and are associated with low self-esteem and self-confidence. People with such conditions may be limited to various activities. However, this can be reversed by use bariatric weight loss surgery. This surgery entails a variety of procedures that are performed on the patient suffering from overweight or obesity. The main activities and techniques undertaken by this method involve the reduction in the size of stomach and food reservoirs.

This method causes loss of body mass when food volume ingested is controlled through the reduction of stomach volume. Also, nutrient malabsorption is also stimulated by administration of various procedures as one way or reducing this abnormal mass gaining. These activities can also be done through hormonal manipulations where hormones responsible for causing digestion are deactivated. Most of the procedures and methods under this procedure are laparoscopic in nature.

Some of the most known and common techniques under this surgery include sleeve gastrectomy, biliopancreatic diversion, gastric bypass, duodenal switch and adjustable gastric band among others. The effectiveness of each technique relies on the medical practitioner performing it, the patient response to the procedure and other biological factors found in the body.

Gastric bypass is performed in order to reduce the amount of food that the stomach can hold as well as inhibiting release of certain hormones. The upper and lower stomach surfaces are reduced making the upper pouch small therefore holding small food volumes. Formation of this smaller pouch is effective in that the amount held is relatively low reducing the digestive system activities and eventually reducing the body mass.

Some of the advantages of this procedure are that satiety is enhanced as hormones responsible for causing craving and stimulating hunger are not produced. It is one of the best ways of dealing with obesity and diabetes 2. It also causes body energy expenditure in an effective manner. However, this procedure is complicated and can make a person suffer serious problems and complexities. It also causes a reduction in vitamins and mineral absorption in the body. Long healing and recovery, as well as dietary adherence, are side effects of the procedure.

Sleeve gastrectomy, on the other hand, is a technique aimed at reducing the size of the stomach in a greater way. It leaves a pouch that looks like a banana where ingested food is stored. This method plays an important role when it comes to hunger suppression, promotion of satiety and control of blood sugar. The main con of this method is that once performed can never be reversed. Complications under this method are likely to occur after a short successful time.

Another technique under this procedure is the use of the adjustable gastric band. This technique is effective in reducing the stomach size by use of an inflatable band which can be adjusted whenever the need arises. This procedure is effective in reducing the size and volume of the stomach making it hold less food volume. It is also a reversible as well as adjustable procedure.

The main demerit is that its effectiveness is low, you also need to adhere to dietary regulations. Foreign materials may also cause allergic conditions. There are also other techniques such as biliopancreatic diversion, gastric bypass and duodenal switch under this procedure.

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