Factors To Consider In Bariatric Weight Loss Surgery

By Lisa Hayes

Modern bariatric surgery has come a long way since its development by Dr. Edward E. Mason of the University of Iowa in 1967. Using resulting in massive, rapid weight loss, bariatric surgery is the general term for medical procedures resulting in the reconfiguration of a patient's digestive system. The two common types of bariatric procedures in the U. S. Are laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery and laparoscopic gastric banding, also known as "lap banding." Bariatric weight loss surgery is performed by shrinking the stomach from the size of a fist to a thumb. This alteration shortens the length of the small intestinal path in which food travels before entering the stomach. This shortened path limits the number of calories absorbed by the body.

Lap banding procedure involves wrapping a liquid-filled belt around the stomach that can be adjusted for tightness by adding or deducting saline through a port located under the skin's surface. The belt reduces food intake by cinching the stomach to evoke the feeling of being full. Evidence that bariatric procedure has gained significant ground since its inception more than 40 years ago can be seen in the astounding number of procedures recently performed by surgeons.

What many people don't realize is that this procedure requires a mental adjustment along with the physical adjustment. You don't go in for the procedure then go back to your old way of thinking and eating while the fat falls off. You need to make mental and physical adjustments or the weight won't stay off for long. These adjustments start before you even have the procedure performed.

You are at the end of your rope and the only option that you might have left would be to submit yourself to this procedure. Since your weight-loss journey has brought you to this place, let's take a look at the pros and cons of this procedure.

You must understand that the operation is performed on your digestive system; it is not performed on your mind. Those who undergo the procedure most likely had difficulty with eating habits before the procedure. Following the procedure, dietary restrictions are imperative and difficult to follow. Many patients cheat and end up accumulating fat and developing complicated medical conditions.

These operations have side effects but the benefits are more than the risks. Generally speaking malabsorptive procedures reduce the stomach size. The many types of fat reduction changes including gastric bypass surgery, lap band surgery and gastric sleeve procedure are collectively under the term bariatric procedure.

The procedure can be very effective at producing fat reduction in obese patients. It involves restricting the size of the stomach so less food is eaten and changing the structure of the gut so that less amount of food is able to be eaten. However, the procedure is not an easy solution to everyone. People undergoing this procedure have to make permanent, difficult to adapt changes to their lifestyle.

The patients who are opting for this surgery should have Body Mass Index (BMI) more than 40. The patients having diseases related to obesity and having BMI more than 35 are also considered. The most usually performed Restrictive procedures are laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding and vertical banded gastroplasty. Malabsorptive procedures: The bilopancreatic diversion procedures were performed using laparoscopic techniques.

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